"The Message Preached" - (1 Corinthians 1:21)

"A TYPE OF HIM WHO WAS TO COME"


  • Introduction
    There are types and there are antitypes.
    1. Romans 5:14
      Adam was a "type" of Christ.
    2. 1 Peter 3:21
      Baptism is an "antitype" of the great flood.
  1. Adam was a type of Christ
    1. Romans 5:12-21
      Adam was a type of Christ in that his actions introduced disobedience, sin, and therefore death, but Christ's actions introduced obedience, righteousness, and therefore life.
    2. 1 Corinthians 15:45-49
      Another sense in which Adam typifies Christ is that the first man represents our present life on earth, but Jesus represents the hope of life in heaven.
  2. Melchizedek was a type of Christ
    1. Psalm 110:1-4
      In this Messianic psalm, David records the oath of God that Christ would be "a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek".
    2. Hebrews 5:5-11
      God glorified Christ by calling Him as High Priest in Melchizedek's order.
    3. Genesis 14:18-20
      All that was known of Melchizedek came from this brief encounter with Abraham.
    4. Hebrews 6:19-8:6
      We have a heavenly hope based on the priesthood of Christ, which priesthood proves the law has changed. Melchizedek's priesthood typifies that of Christ's in several ways.
      1. Zechariah 6:12-13
        Melchizedek was both a priest and a king (7:2), as was Christ.
      2. Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:18-25
        Melchizedek was without mother and father (7:3) in the sense that his genealogy was not recorded as was required under the order of Aaron. Christ was without a natural father in that He was conceived by the Holy Spirit. He certainly was not a son of Aaron, from the tribe of Levi (7:14; 8:4).
      3. John 8:58
        Melchizedek blessed Abraham (7:1), thus proving his superiority over him (7:7). Jesus, a young man, claimed to pre-exist Abraham, thus describing His eternal nature.
  3. Isaac was a type of Christ
    1. Genesis 17:15-19; 18:9-15; 21:1-7; Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:18-23
      Both Issac and Jesus were sons of promise, named by God prior to their births, and conceived by miraculous means.
    2. Genesis 22:1-12; Hebrews 11:17; John 3:16; Romans 8:32
      Issac was his father's only begotten son and was sacrificed by his father. So was Jesus.
      1. John 19:17
        Both carried the wood on which they would be sacrificed (22:6).
      2. Luke 22:42; John 10:17-18
        Both went willingly (22:9).
      3. Hebrews 11:17-19; Acts 2:22-24
        In a sense, both were raised.
  4. Moses was a type of Christ
    1. Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Acts 3:19-24
      Moses foretold the coming of a prophet like himself. Peter attributed the fulfillment of that prophecy to Jesus.
    2. Exodus 1:15-20; Hebrews 11:23; Matthew 2:13-18
      Both were the targets of infanticidal massacres.
    3. Hebrews 11:24-26; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Philippians 2:5-8
      Both forsook riches to do God's will.
    4. Exodus 3:10; Matthew 1:21; Luke 19:10; 1 John 4:14
      Both were called by God to deliver others.
    5. Exodus 4:1-9, 29-31; John 20:30-31
      Both performed signs to convince others.
    6. Hebrews 11:29; 1 Corinthians 10:1-2; Exodus 14:26-30; Galatians 3:27; Mark 16:16
      Both required baptism to be saved.
  5. David was a type of Christ
    1. Jeremiah 30:9
      Well after David was dead and buried, God said His people would serve their king David.
    2. Ezekiel 34:23-24; 37:24
      Again, well after David's death, Ezekiel foretold the coming of another David.
    3. Acts 13:22; Colossians 1:15
      David was a man after God's own heart. Jesus is the very image of God.
    4. 1 Samuel 17:34-35; John 10:11
      David risked his life to protect his flock. Jesus said that's what shepherds do for their sheep.
    5. 1 Samuel 16;13; Luke 4:16-21; Acts 10:38; Matthew 3:16-17
      David was anointed with oil by Samuel. Jesus was anointed with the Holy Spirit by God.
    6. 2 Samuel 5:4-5; Hebrews 1:8-9; Luke 1:30-33; Acts 2:25-36
      David reigned until his death. Jesus reigns forever, on David's throne.
  6. Jonah was a type of Christ
    1. Matthew 12:38-40; Jonah 1:17-2:10; Luke 23:50-24:8, 44-46
      Jonah typified Christ through his three day burial.
    2. Matthew 12:41; Jonah 3:1-10; Luke 24:47
      Jonah's audience repented. Will you?

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